KontraS, which was born on March 20, 1998, is a task force formed by a number of civil society organizations and community leaders. This task force was originally named KIP-HAM, which was formed in 1996. As a commission that works to monitor human rights issues, KIP-HAM received many complaints and input from the public, both victims and communities who dared to express their aspirations about the human rights problems that occurred in their area. At first KIP-HAM only received a number of complaints through letters and telephone contacts from the community. However, over time some victims became brave to submit complaints directly to the KIP-HAM secretariat.